The recently released 2010 QS Asian University Rankings has placed only two Indonesian universities in its top 100 list, down from three universities last year. While the University of Indonesia (UI) in Jakarta retains its 50th place, Yogyakarta’s Gadjah Mada University (UGM) dropped to 85th from 63rd last year, while the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), which was placed 80th last year, has is now ranked 113th. ITB’s position as Indonesia’s third-best performer has been replaced by Airlangga University in Surabaya, whose ranking rose to 109th place from 130th last year. While last year Indonesia managed to place three of its universities in the top 100 list and six in the top 200, this year it has only two universities in the top 100, but has seven in the top 200. Other Indonesian universities that made it into the top 200 list are the Bogor Institute of Agriculture (119th), Padjajaran University (161st) and Diponegoro University (161st). Only 11 countries were placed in the top 200 list, 57 of which are Japanese universities. Japan has managed to place its top five universities in the top 10, although its best performer, the University of Tokyo, only managed to secure fifth place form third last year. “Government-led investment, most recently through the ‘Global 30’ program, has helped drive up standards by attracting high-quality international students and staff, areas of the rankings in which Japanese universities excel,” QS Quacquarelli Symonds, the publisher of the university rankings, said of the Japanese universities in a press statement sent to The Jakarta Post earlier this week. It also explained the factors used to measure the ranking included the quality of research through citation and the proportion of international students and staff. “The rankings indicate that an international outlook adds considerably to the reputation and status of universities in the region,” QS added. Last year, the No. 1 position in the rankings was held by the University of Hong Kong, although the runner-up this year was the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, rather than last year’s Chinese University of Hong Kong. The National University of Singapore (NUS) remains one of the best universities in Southeast Asia, with its ranking rising from 10th place last year to third place this year. China only managed to place its best-performing university, Peking University, in 11th place and India with its Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay in 36th place. Other Southeast Asian univer-sities included in the top 50 besides the NUS and UI are Nanyang Technological University (18th), Thailand’s Mahidol University (28th) and Chulalongkorn University (44th) and Malaysia’s Univesiti Malaya (42nd).